A SQL:1999 Code Generator for the Pathfinder XQuery Compiler

Torsten GrustManuel MayrJan Rittinger • Sherif Sakr • Jens Teubner

Proceedings of the ACM SIGMOD Conference on Management of Data (SIGMOD 2007), Beijing, China, June 2007.

The Pathfinder XQuery compiler has been enhanced by a new code generator that can target any SQL:1999-compliant relational database system (RDBMS). This code generator marks an important next step towards truly relational XQuery processing, a branch of database technology that aims to turn RDBMSs into higly efficient XML and XQuery processors without the need to invade the relational database kernel. Pathfinder, a retargetable front-end compiler, translates input XQuery expressions into DAG-shaped relational algebra plans. The code generator then turns these plans into sequences of either SQL:1999 statements or view definitions which jointly implement the (sometimes intricate) XQuery semantics. In a sense, this demonstration thus lets relational algebra and SQL swap their traditional roles in database query processing. The result is a code generator that (1) supports an almost complete dialect of XQuery, (2) can target any RDBMS with a SQL:1999 language interface, and (3) exhibits quite promising performance characteristics when run against high-volume XML data as well as complex XQuery expressions.